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List of Diets

Well-known nutritional diets:

Vegan diet
A vegan is a person who avoids the ingestion or use of animal products. An animal product in this context refers to the body parts of an animal or any substance derived from an animal.

Many vegans avoid the use of all animal products, including, for example, leather shoes, cosmetics, toiletries, and household cleaners containing animal products, as well as products containing ingredients that have been tested on animals. Some vegans avoid using animals as food, but may nevertheless wear clothes made of materials derived from animals. These vegans are called "dietary vegans."

The term vegan is also used as an adjective to describe the philosophy and practice of respect for non-human animals, and the products that avoid their use.

Vegetarian diet
Vegetarianism is a dietary practice characterized by the exclusion of all body parts of any animal and products derived from animal carcasses (such as lard, tallow, gelatin, and cochineal), from one's diet. The most common definition of vegetarianism, however, accepts the inclusion of animal-based products such as honey, milk and other dairy products as well as eggs. This is more precisely called ovo-lacto vegetarianism. Some vegetarians also choose to refrain from wearing animal-produced items, including wool, leather, silk, feathers/down, and fur.

Vegetarianism has been common in Hindu and Buddhist countries such as India for thousands of years as a cultural and religious practice, but in the 20th century it became increasingly popular in Western countries as a result of ethical, health, environmental and even geopolitical concerns.

Warrior Diet
The Warrior Diet created by Ori Hofmekler is a controversial diet based on a daily feeding cycle of "undereating" during the day and "overeating" at night. The "Undereating Phase" supposedly maximizes the Sympathetic Nervous System's (SNS) fight or flight reaction to stress, thereby promoting alertness resulting in energy generation and ultimately fat burning.

Basically it places emphasis on evening meals and shedding the "calorie counting" unlike other diets and returning to the old warrior diets where one huge meal was likely the order of the day. Moreover it intends to reduce fat while maintaining or improving muscle tone. Short, intense strength and aerobic exercises are also part of the "warrior training," along with pre-and post-workout meals.

Weight Watchers: The diet of the American company.
Weight Watchers (NYSE: WTW), founded in the 1960s by Jean Nidetch, is a company offering various dieting products and services to assist weight loss. It started as a discussion group for how to best lose weight. It now operates in about 30 countries around the world, generally under the name "Weight Watchers" translated into the local language. Its most prominent celebrity endorser is Sarah, Duchess of York.

Varying on location, Weight Watchers generally offers two distinct programs:

  • The POINTS program
  • The Core program

The programs are supplemented by optional support groups which meet regularly and provide ground assistance to those trying to meet weight-loss goals.

In the UK, Weight Watchers advertises under the slogan "where no food is a sin" in reference to its chief competitor Slimming World's system of giving some food "sin" values.

From 1978 until 1999, the Weight Watchers company was owned by the H. J. Heinz Company, which continues to produce packaged foods bearing the Weight Watchers brand name. Weight Watchers was acquired in a leveraged buyout in 1999 and went public in 2001.

Zone diet
The Zone diet is a diet popularized in books by Barry Sears. It advocates "hormonal thinking" instead of caloric thinking as an approach to weight loss.

"The Zone" is Sears's term for proper hormone balance. When insulin levels are neither too high nor too low, the human body uses stored fat for energy, causing weight loss. The diet centers around a "40:30:30" ratio of calories obtained daily from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, respectively. The formula is controversial, but studies over the past several years (including non-scientific study by Scientific American Frontiers) have shown it to produce rapid weight loss.

Hormonal paradoxes
Sears emphasizes a hormonal paradox which "low-fat" advocates were unaware of, namely that low-fat carbohydrates increase the production of the hormone insulin, causing the body to store more fat. He points to the cattle ranching practice of fattening livestock efficiently by feeding them lots of low-fat grain. He and others have noted the irony that human diets in the West for the last twenty years have been full of low-fat carbohydrates, yet people are more obese — Sears claims as a result.

In addition to this, Sears describes fat consumption as essential for "burning" fat. Monounsaturated fats in a meal contribute to a feeling of fullness and modulate the rate at which carbohydrates are absorbed into the bloodstream. Low-fat diets actually stimulate fat storage, according to Sears, by creating high levels of insulin in the blood.

The "low-carb craze"
Low-carbohydrate diets like the Atkins diet are rapidly becoming popular throughout the United States, but Sears claims that they miss the point. According to him, they ignore the importance of hormonal balance, as well as the influence of dietary balance on digestion and hormone production.


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