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Well-known nutritional diets:

Calorie restriction diet
Caloric restriction (CR) is the practice of limiting dietary energy intake to improve health and retard aging. In human subjects, CR is known to slow the signs of aging, as indicated by biomarkers such as cholesterol and blood pressure. Every animal species tested with CR so far, including monkeys, rats, spiders and rotifers, has shown corresponding lifespan extension. CR is the only known dietary measure capable of extending maximum, as opposed to average, lifespan. Energy intake must be minimised, but sufficient quantities of vitamins, minerals and other important nutrients must still be taken. To emphasise this, CR is often referred to as CRON or CRAN (caloric restriction with optimal or adequate nutrition.)

While scientists knew about the effects of CR since the 1930s, the first major demonstration of the benefits of caloric restriction was an experimental trial conducted by Richard Weindruch. In 1986, Weindruch reported that restricting the calorie intake of laboratory mice proportionally increased their lifespan compared to a group of mice with a normal diet. The calorie-restricted mice also maintained youthful appearances and activity levels longer, and showed delays in age-related diseases.

The findings have since been accepted, and generalised to a range of other animals. Researchers are investigating the possibility of parallel physiological links in humans (see Roth et al below). In the meantime, many people have independently adopted the practice of caloric restriction in some form, hoping to achieve the expected benefits themselves.

Duke University Diet.
The Rice Diet is a low fat, low salt diet, which despite its name is not centered on rice. It was developed in the 1930s at Duke University, and is sometimes known as the Duke University Rice Diet. The major components of the diet healthy eating (fruits, grains, beans, vegetables, olive oil, non fat dairy and lean meat) is walking, and taking time for yourself.

Detox diet
In the detox diet, the individual must consume solely fruits, vegetables and natural unprocessed foods. Commonly fresh home made vegetable juices are used in conjection with the detox diet.

The detox diet is more of a lifestyle than a diet. Most people that are serious about an ultimate lifetime "diet" (See Gary Null's book - Ultimate Lifetime Diet) become vegan's to battle the acid tissue waste promoting water, food, air, and other evironmental toxins that our bodies liver, kidney's, lungs, and skin constantly battles on a daily basis.

This diet is also very popular among actors, singers and other artists who wish to lose weight fast and easily, despite their eating habits. The detox diet, however, in this since isn't the safest way of losing weight, as it is highly restrictive and apparently has short-term results.

Example of the detox diet
Breakfast (Aprox. 200 Kcal)

1 glass of orange juice or a cup of tea or a cup of coffee with skimmed milk and sweetener 1 apple or 1 banana and 1 rye cracker or bread with jam and/or low fat spread

Snack (Aprox. 100 Kcal)

An envelope of ready made low fat soup or fresh vegetables (such as carrot, cucumber,etc...)

Lunch (Aprox. 300 Kcal)

Salad with some or all of the following ingredients : Lettuce, cucumber, tomato, carrot, peppers, corn, low fat cheese, kidney beans, peas. Optional low fat salad dressing: 1 tsp ketchup,1 tsp honey,1 tbsp vinegar, 1 tbsp soy sauce

Last Meal (Aprox. 170 Kcal)

Fat free or low fat fruit yogurt and/or one of these fruits: orange,nectarines,peach,apple Total: Aprox. 770 Kcal

Note: For some excellent references, see Chet Day's Detox Bible and 21 day detox; Gary Null's 7 Steps to Perfects Health (condensed version) or The Ultimate Lifetime Diet (extended version); and The Miracle of Fasting by Paul C. Bragg.





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