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List of Diets

Well-known nutritional diets:

Evolution Diet
The Evolution Diet is a diet devised by Joseph Stephen Breese Morse from 2002-2005. It involves eating "what and how we were designed to eat." The main principles are:

  • eat low sugar, high dietary fiber foods in small quantities but often throughout the day
  • eat healthy high energy foods only before and during exercise
  • eat high protein foods after exercise and before rest

Benefits are said to include getting to and maintaining one's ideal weight, consistently good sleep, balanced energy, more motivation. The Evolution Diet is also a book, published in 2005. The book stresses the importance of natural human physiology and bases the diet on how a cultureless human would eat. The eating plan has similarities with the Paleolithic diet and Natural Foods Diet, however the Evolution Diet stresses when to eat certain foods, not just what foods to eat. Also The Evolution Diet allows for modern foods that have similar properties to natural foods, not just foods that were available before agriculture.

Fruitarian diet
Fruitarians (or fructarians) are a subgroup of vegans who eat only the fruit of plants. This includes not only what one typically thinks of as a "fruit" in the culinary sense such as apples and oranges, but also other foods that are botanically the fruits of flowering plants (that is, the seed-containing reproductive parts), including berries, nuts, seeds, capsicums, tomatoes, squash, beans, peas, and so on. There are different variations of fruitarianism. Some fruitarians will eat only what falls (or would fall) naturally from a plant—fruits, seeds, nuts. Others may eat all biological fruits. Grains are usually accepted, as they are conventionally harvested by cutting down the plant. Most fruitarians are also raw foodists.

Fruitarians only eat the fruit of a plant so that the plant does not have to be killed. (Note that when one eats a root vegetable such as a carrot, the whole carrot plant dies.) Fruitarians point out that, in nature, eating some types of fruit actually does the parent plant a favor. Fleshy fruit has evolved with the obvious purpose of being eaten by animals, to achieve seed dispersal. Seeds in fruits will be swallowed and travel through the animal's digestive tract before sprouting in a pile of ready-made fertilizer, or, in the case of fruits with cores or pits, will be tossed aside to sprout. Without animals eating fruit, the seed would not travel far enough away from the plant to allow the species to proliferate successfully.

A fruitarian diet can be difficult to follow, and on a long-term basis fruitarians often suffer health problems caused by nutrient deficiency. For example, Vitamin B12 cannot be found in any fruit matter. Some say the diet is overly rich in sugar, and that this can lead to symptoms suggestive of hyperglycemia or diabetes, while it is lacking in protein, minerals and fat soluble vitamins. Long-term fruitarians may be prone to psychological food cravings and consequent binge-eating, either of 'allowed' foods or 'illicit' ones. Fruitarians allegedly often develop strong cravings for dates (for their high sugar content) and avocados (for their high fat content). Some fruitarians develop a type of eating disorder called orthorexia. Anyone adopting a fruitarian diet should be aware of what nutrients their body needs and what supplements they will have to take.

The diet of Dr. Joel Fuhrman
Dr. Joel Fuhrman, M.D. is a physician who practices in New Jersey, USA. He specialises in treating some major illnesses through nutrition.

He has written a book called Eat to Live. He states that he wants people to have the opportunity to benefit by developing life long health-giving eating habits.

He introduces the idea of nutrient density, as expressed by the formula Health=Nutrients/Calories. He believes (and quotes research projects and statistical information to support his claim) that there is excessive consumption of calorie rich food, and minimising of nutritional foods in our modern diet. This has resulted in a paradoxically overfed but undernourished and therefore diseased population in the developed world.

He advises that we should base our eating on mainly fresh vegetables, fruits and legumes, while minimising animal products, processed grains and high carbohydrate foods. If we do this we can eat as much as we wish, while progressively shedding weight until we reach and maintain our individual ideal weight. This is because our appetite and hunger (and our calorie intake) will be naturally limited through the high nutrient, and low calorie content of our diet. This emphasises the nutritional value of vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber and phytochemicals, and other micro nutrients of which nutritionists are as yet unaware.

There are low levels of these nutrients (in ratio to calories) in officially recommended eating programmes, such as the "Good food pyramid". This has allegedly resulted in a high incidence of ill health, including diabetes, heart disease, autoimmune diseases (e.g. arthritis), cancers, high blood pressure etc. These and other conditions can be minimised, he claims, through a simple and easy change to our eating habits.

 

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