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List of Diets

Well-known nutritional diets:

Rastafarian diet
I-tal or ital means Vital. Mostly used in reference to food. ital food is food which is approved of in the Rastafari movement.

There are different interpretations of what foods it allows. The general principle behind it is that food should be natural. Rastafarians therefore avoid food with artificial additives (e.g. colourings, flavourings, and preservatives - even salt), or which is chemically modified.

In common with other religions which use Old Testament teachings as a basis for their beliefs, such as Judaism and Islam, Rastafarianism prohibits the eating of pork. Most Rastafarians take this further, and consider the I-tal diet to forbid the consumption of all red meat (i.e. the flesh of mammals), although fish is sometimes allowed. Some Rastafarians go even further than that, and become strict vegetarians. At the other extreme, some Rastafarians do not adhere strictly to the I-tal diet at all.

The word I-tal derives from the English word vital, with the initial syllable replaced by the word I. This is done to many words in the Rastafarian vocabulary, to signify the unity of the speaker with all of nature.

Raw foods diet
A raw food diet (or living foods diet) consists of uncooked and unprocessed, mainly vegan, organic foods.

Most foods in the raw food diet are simple in preparation, and can be eaten immediately. Other foods can require considerable advanced planning to prepare for eating. Rice and some other grains, for example, require sprouting or overnight soaking to become edible. Depending on the recipe, some food (such as cakes) may need to be dehydrated. These processes, which emulate cooked food, are lengthy: some adherents of the diet consequently dispense with these foods, feeling that this way of eating does not need to emulate others.

Preparation of raw food recipes usually call for a blender, food processor, juicer, and dehydrator.

Care and medical consultation is required in planning a raw foods diet, especially for children. There have been some recent cases in the United States of children on inadequate raw foods diets developing serious health problems and even dying of malnutrition. There is little research on how to plan a nutritionally adequate raw foods diet, especially for children: however, dietitians are usually willing to provide professional advice.

The Tree of Life Foundation in Arizona, which advocates a vegan raw food diet, is currently conducting a survey of babies and children on a diet of 75% raw foods or more. Raw foodists claim that with sufficient calories, essential fatty acids, variety and density, people of all ages can be successful at eating raw foods.

Rice Diet
The Rice Diet is a low fat, low salt diet, which despite its name is not centered on rice. It was developed in the 1930s at Duke University, and is sometimes known as the Duke University Rice Diet. The major components of the diet healthy eating (fruits, grains, beans, vegetables, olive oil, non fat dairy and lean meat) is walking, and taking time for yourself.

Sex Diet
A Sex Diet is a lifestyle which maximizes the health benefits of regular sex. Properly performed, sexual activity can cause weight loss, promote cardiac health, decrease depression, fight sexual dysfunction, boost immunity, and release endorphins. Many scientific studies show that intimacy is a factor in determining lifespan, and some informal studies have shown that frequent sex can improve intimate relationships.

There is controversy about the necessity of monogamy in attaining the health benefits of sex and/or intimacy.

Some sex-diets involve a routine of partner-supported exercises designed to tone muscles and improve flexibility. One such program, documented by Kerry McCloskey in her book, The Ultimate Sex Diet, includes a sensual eating program that focuses on food as an aphrodisiac.

Other sex-diets focus on improving emotional intimacy. One such sex-diet is the one documented by Laura Corn in her book, The Great American Sex Diet, which recommends having sex four times a week for twenty-eight days.

Another type of sex-diet focuses simply on improving the experience of sexuality by extending and amplifying the orgasmic response. For example, Donna J Brauer and Alan Brauer, in their book, ESO: How You and Your Lover Can Give Each Other Hours of Extended Sexual Orgasm, suggest setting aside two half-hour sessions and one hour-and-a-half session per week to practice giving and receiving sexual pleasure for extended periods of time.

The benefits of a sex-diet have been proclaimed by actress Angelina Jolie in the London Daily Mirror (2003) and model Lisa Snowden (2001) for an interview on Salon.com.

However the actual weight lost in this diet is highly debatable since the use of sex alone as exercise does not expend as many calories (though significantly higher than any normal activity). Moreover the "diet" aspect is highly suspect and the only reason for its existence seems to be the "feel good factor" this diet advocates.

Slimming World: The diet of the British company.
Slimming World is a British company which runs over 5000 weight loss classes a week across the UK. It was founded in 1969 by Margaret Miles-Bramwell who is still the company director as of 2004.

Adults wishing to lose weight (provided that they have at least 7 pounds to lose without going below a healthy weight) may join a local Slimming World class and pay a weekly amount to attend classes. In 2004 the cost on joining was £10 and the weekly charge £3.95, which increased to £4.25 in 2005. In return they are given the information they need to follow Slimming World's diet plan, called Food Optimising, and the support of their consultant and the other class members.

Each class involves being weighed, sharing that loss or gain with the group (but at no time is a slimmer's actual weight mentioned) and a time to share tips, experiences and ask for advice.

South Beach diet
The South Beach diet was developed by a cardiologist, Arthur Agatston, practicing in the Miami, Florida area. The diet first appeared in a book of the same name, published by Rodale Press.

The South Beach diet is frequently confusingly compared to the Atkins diet, which is a low-carbohydrate diet. The South Beach Diet emphasizes the consumption of so-called "good carbohydrates", mainly ones that are high in fiber or nutrition, and typically low in glycemic index. The South Beach diet was developed for cardiac patients to lose weight without risking ketosis. (There are studies of the effects of extended Ketosis on the average body, but they are at this time inconclusive.) Weight loss turned out to be a beneficial side effect; Dr. Agatson believes this is a positive thing, as it encourages many people to move to a heart-healthier diet than may otherwise make this choice.

In the initial phase, lasting two weeks, dieters attempt to eliminate cravings for "bad carbohydrates" by eating no grains or fruits. After this phase, grain-based foods and fruits are gradually returned to the diet, although in smaller amounts than were likely eaten before beginning the diet, and with a concentration on foods with a low glycemic index, such as whole grains instead of refined flour. By the time the dieter has lost the desired weight, they should be having three servings of whole grains and three servings of fruit a day. The more strict Phase 1 may be reinstituted if the person feels they have developed cravings for foods they shouldn't have.

The diet also emphasizes the difference between good and bad carbohydrates, combinations of foods, and good and bad fats. Good carbohydrates have a low glycemic index, that is, they are digested and absorbed slowly. Other preferred carbohydrates are ones that have more nutritional value than the alternatives (ie, brown rice is allowed in moderation, but white rice is discouraged). Eating fiber or fat with carbohydrates will slow their digestion. Good fats are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Saturated and trans fats are bad.

This diet emphasizes making a permanent change in one's way of eating. It suggests whole grains and large amounts of vegetables, along with adequate amounts of mono- and polyunsaturated fats, including Omega-3 oils. It discourages the eating of overly refined foods, particularly refined flours and sugars.

In 2004, a deal was made between Kraft Foods and Dr. Agatson wherein Kraft will begin producing a variety of foods that meet the requirements of the South Beach Diet. There is some concern that this will lead to the same kind of situation as products approved by the corporation associated with the Atkins diet—that some products will most certainly fall outside the scope of the diet.

 

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